Autism is a neurological based disorder that creates difficulties in an individual’s social and communication capabilities. Because Autism is a spectrum disorder a wide range of presentations can occur with the diagnosis. At the lower end of the Autism spectrum a person can be non verbal, exhibit self-injurious behavior, have significant intellectual disability, difficulties in motor coordination and planning, and other health issues such as sleep, gastrointestinal, and immune system disturbances. At the higher end of the Autism spectrum there can be above average intelligence and the person can possess splinter skills allowing them to excel in areas such as; science, math, music, and art. The incidence of Autism has dramatically increased over the past several years. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1 in 50 school age children in the United States are on the Autism spectrum. Boys are 4 to 5 times more likely to be effected by Autism than girls. Current estimates have a child being diagnosed with Autism every 21 minutes.
Research indicates that many of the signs and symptoms of Autism begin to manifest themselves between 2 and 5 years old but sometimes can be seen earlier. Some of the symptoms can include not cooing, pointing, or gesturing, by age 12 months. A lack of words at 2 years old or a loss of language and social skills. Other symptoms may include difficulty making eye contact, hypo or hyper sensitivity to pain, echoing words or phrases, spinning of objects or themselves, inappropriate laughing, long periods of repetitive play, a strong need for routine, and unprovoked tantrums.